|Quotation Marks (" ") --- Used around the exact
words of a speaker.
Example One: "Have you been to the new
mall?" asked Todd.
Semicolon (;) --- Used between the clauses of a compound sentence that are not joined by and, or, but, or nor. It can be regarded as a weak period. Example: I reserved the room for the party; Sally took care of the music.
Apostrophe (') --- Used in place of the omitted letters of a contraction. Example: doesn't = does not --- Used to form possessive nouns. Examples: baby's rattle, student's books, dog's collar
Period (.) --- Used at the end of a statement, request, or indirect question. Examples: I ate the pizza. Speak more slowly. I wonder who will win. --- Used in abbreviations for titles, degrees, and expressions of time.
|Colon (:) --- Used to show a list of
items that follows it.
Examples: He participates in three sports: football, basketball, and track.
Do not use a colon directly
following a form of the verb be or a preposition.
1) Used to set off elements that interrupt a sentence.
2) Used to
separate items in a list.
3) Used to set off nonessential clauses and nonessential
4) Used after an
introductory dependent clause.
5) Used to set off a appositive.
Warning! Because there are so many comma rules, people tend to overuse the comma. When in serious doubt, leave the comma out; it's better to have too few than too many.