1000-750 B.C. 750-500 B.C. 500-250 B.C. 250 B.C.-A.D.1
E
U
R
O
P
E
900 B.C.    Etruscans settle     north of the Tiber River, in what is now Italy

900 B.C.   Greek city-state of Sparta is founded

776 B.C    First Olympic Games are held in Greece

700 B.C.   According to Roman legend, Romulus
and Remus found the city
 on seven hills

700 B.C.   Homer creates the first Greek epics

600-560 B.C.    Aesop tells fables in ancient Greece

509 B.C.   Patricians take power in Rome

500 B.C.   Greeks build the Parthenon to house the statues of gods and goddesses   

499 B.C.     Persian Wars begin

450 B.C.     Twelve Tables become basis of Roman Law

431 B.C.     Socrates is on trial

336 B.C.     Alexander the Great spreads Greek culture

73-71 B.C.  Spartacus leads slave revolt in Rome

45 B.C.        Julius Caesar becomes dictator of Rome

27 B.C.        Augustus Caesar begins Pax Romana in Roman empire

A
S
I
A
950(?)-928 B.C.   King Solomon rules Israel

911 B.C.   Rise of Assyrian power in Mesopotamia

689 B.C.   Assyrians invade Babylonia and sack Babylon

589 B.C.   Armies of New Babylonia conquer Judah and exile Jews

539 B.C.   Persia's Cyrus the Great conquers Babylon and frees exiled Jews

528 B.C.   Possible date that Siddhartha Gautama, founder of Buddhism, begins teaching in India

500 B.C.     Indian traders bring Hindu ideas to Southeast Asia

400 B.C.     Buddhism spreads through Asia

400 B.C.     Confucius teaches about duty in China

322 B.C.     Chandragupta founds Mauryan empire in India

273 B.C.     Asoka spreads Buddhist teaching and religious tolerance in India

250 B.C.      Kingdom of Parthia emerges in eastern Persia

215 B.C.      Shihuangdi's Qin dynasty begins construction of the Great Wall of China

206 B.C.      Han Dynasty begins in China, adopting many Confucian ideas

A
F
R
I
C
A
900 B.C.   Nok people of Nigeria use terra cotta

900 B.C.   Kushite kingdom in Sudan thrives

814 B.C.   Phoenician traders found colony at Carthage

700 B.C.   Iron tools made in Egypt

671 B.C.   Assyrian overrun Egypt

600 B.C.   Nok people of Nigeria mine iron

600 B.C.   Carthaginian explorers sail southward from North Africa

305 B.C.     Ptolemy II founds library in Alexandria

300 B.C.     Kushite kingdom expands and develops extensive trade networks

250 B.C.      Kush begins Golden age, which lasts for about 300 years

202 B.C.      Roman army defeats Hannibal's army at Zama

30 B.C.        Egypt becomes Roman province

T
H
E

A
M
E
R
I
C
A
S

1000 B.C. La Venta becomes center of Olmec culture in Mexico

850 B.C.   Peruvians build temple at Chavín de Huantar in Andes

600 B.C.  Oaxaca Culture begins to dominate Olmec civilization in Mexico 500 B.C.     Farmers in Ohio Valley construct burial mounds

300-100 B.C.    City of Teotihuacán develops in Mexico

200 B.C.      Maya culture begins to develop in Central America

200 B.C.      Nazca culture begins in southern Peru

100 B.C.      Anasazi culture emerges in southwestern United States

Adapted from WORLD © 1997 Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, New York